14 May 2021, Kyauktaw 

Residents of Tinma village in Kyauktaw Township, Arakan State, were displaced by fighting between the Tatmadaw and Arakan Army in March of last year. Hundreds of houses in the village were burnt to the ground after the villagers fled the hostilities. For more than a year, the village sat deserted. 

But on March 23, 2021, some villagers and former MPs visited Tinma to assess the situation on the ground, doing so with the approval of the Arakan State Administration Council. DMG recently interviewed some of those who were part of the visiting contingent about what they saw and more. 

U Oo Tun Win || Former Pyithu Hluttaw MP || Kyauktaw Township 

Five villagers and I visited the village on March 23. An official of the Arakan State Administration Council contacted me on March 22 because villagers had submitted a letter to the council asking to allow them to take the paddy that was left at the village. 

So, I discussed with the villagers a date to go to the village. We decided to go to the village first to see the situation, so that we could know what we could carry and the number of boats and porters needed to carry them. We informed the relevant security forces about our decision, and we visited the village. 

We compiled a list of destroyed houses. The list is made up of two categories: destroyed by fire and destroyed by natural disaster or people. 

If one-third [or less] of a house structure was destroyed, we did not put it on the list. There are more than 200 houses on the list. The monastery has not been destroyed too much, but furniture is in disorder, and robes and clothes from a wardrobe are strewn on the floor. We saw some bones in the monastery compound, maybe the bones of a cow. Everything is a mess in the monastery. 

U Zaw Aung || Tinma Village IDP  

We are farmers so we have farm trucks, locally called htawlargyi. I cultivate potatoes and chilis as well. We left a big basket of paddy, motorbikes, a tractor and water pump when we fled home. If I total up the loss of my property, it is about K18 million [$11,500]. Our main intention is to take the paddy that we left in the village. We found that the paddy we’d kept systematically in the barn was not good because the roofs were open and the paddy was destroyed by rainwater. About 10 houses received their paddy in good condition. 

U Soe Thein || Tinma Village IDP  

I feel sad when I see that my village is in a very bad situation. Our village is a big village. We have a cottage hospital, high school and police station. When I see the village now, I cannot recognise it. It is overgrown with brush and it looks like a wild forest. I cannot recognise my home because of piles of ash and thick bushes. 

There are many things to be done to return home. For resettlement, homes are the most important item. For me, my house was destroyed by fire.The second important item is agricultural facilities and cattle, because we are farmers. We have to check what has happened to our farmland and cattle, as well as tractor and paddy seeds to resume cultivation. And authorities need to clear landmines. We need a hospital or clinic for our health. Also, we need education access for our children, who are losing out on their future. After we get back all those requirements, we can return home. 

Tinma Sayardaw || Village Abbot 

The IDPs here want to return home and I submitted the demands of the villagers to the Arakan State Administration Council on March 26. I also met them in person. The letter was submitted to three members of the council, including the chair of the council. I am going to submit the letter to the [national-level] State Administration Council. 

Villagers want landmines cleared from the nearby forest, which they depend on for their livelihoods. The villagers whose houses were destroyed want the government to rebuild their homes. 

Because they are farmers, they want tractors and paddy seeds to resume paddy cultivation. And they demand justice for the 18 Tinma villagers

Another demand is that they do not want military deployments near their village because they are worried that the soldiers will harm or disturb them. The villagers want to live in their village peacefully. I hope the SAC [State Administration Council] will fulfill the demands of the villagers.

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